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In the 1990s, the measure of ”Disability-Adjusted Life Years (Lost)“ (DALY) was developed, which attempts to quantitatively describe the global socio-economic burden of a disease. It estimates the years lost by death or impaired by disability, whereby the extent of disability is included in the calculation. Thus, DALYs describe the difference between reality and the ideal that all humans reach their average life expectancy in complete health.
With the introduction of DALYs it was documented that, according to this estimation, Malaria (82.7 Mio. DALY)1, HIV/Aids (81.6 Mio DALY) and Tuberculosis (49.4 Mio DALY) constitute the most important poverty-related diseases by far. Therefore, the large international funding agencies decided to concentrate on these ”Big 3“. The reaction of Médecins sans Frontières was to coin the term Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) for all those diseases that had not been acknowledged but collectively also cause extensive human suffering and economic damage (21.0 Mio DALY)2.
Die CHASE-Studie (Chagas Hamburg Screening) widmet sich dem Screening, der Erforschung, der Prävention und der Aufklärung über die Chagas-Krankheit in Hamburg. Im Rahmen dieser Studie werden in Deutschland lebende Menschen lateinamerikanischer Herkunft über die Krankheit informiert. Bei Bedarf können die Studienteilnehmer eine kostenlose Diagnose und Behandlung am BNITM erhalten.