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Recently it was reported that the World Health Organisation WHO in its official communications substantially underestimates the number of malaria fatalities. These were not 655,000 per year as noted by WHO but 1.2 millions instead. Unfortunately, misjudgements of this kind is in the nature of things: In regions where children die from malaria health care is poor, otherwise they would be treated in time and not die. Accordingly, there are no reliable estimates of fatalities in these parts of the world, and one should be very cautious as to the accuracy of such numbers. Anyway, they are disturbingly high and once again confirm the urgent need to develop efficient control measures.
The invasion of malaria parasites into red blood cells marks the onset of the parasites' stage that cause disease.
Malaria parasites use defence reactions of liver cells for their own reproduction but many get lost.
Malaria is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes, and thus nearby breeding sites for these mosquitoes greatly increase the risk of malaria transmission.