Research Projects

Inspecting mosquito trap for specimen collection
Inspecting mosquito trap for specimen collection
Colorful close up of viruses
Dengue immunofluorescence

Genomic surveillance and evolution of zoonotic viruses

Surveillance of viral pathogens using molecular methodologies is the gold standard approach for viral monitoring of reservoir and vector natural populations. However, the most used methodology, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), provides limited information about the viral lineages and spread dynamics through time, two key pieces of information needed for the implementation of effective virus control measures. Nowadays, the reduced cost of genome-wide sequencing allows a more in depth virus surveillance throught viral whole genome sequencing. In this project we aim to provide sustained whole genome monitoring of zoonotic viruses in Brazil to track epidemiological changes associated to viral lineages carrying a distinct mutational profile and understand viral lineages replacement and impact on vector competence and pathogenicity to reservoirs, vectors and humans.

Funding:
AvH - Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
FIOCRUZ - Oswaldo Cruz Foundation

Mosquito salivations
Aedes aegypti salivation to determine arbovirus presence in mosquito salivary glands.
Two pictures: one depicting probes, the other one dpeicting hands working with the probes
Plaque assay dilution series for estimating viral titer.
Aedes eggs being collected with ovitraps
Aedes eggs being collected with ovitraps

Synergistic ecological determinants of mosquito-borne virus emergence and transmission

Mosquito-borne viruses emergence and sustained transmission rely on specific biotic and abiotic ecological features that affect both hosts, virus and vectors. Several ecological determinants are known to modulate arbovirus emergence and transmission as climate conditions, abundant vector populations, vector competence, virus genotype and vector microbiome. Although there is extensive knowledge about the individual impact of these above mentioned ecological determinants, there is scant knowledge about their synergistic effect on mosquito-borne dynamics. In this project, we use preferentially the system (Aedes-Wolbachia-arbovirus-microbiome) to characterize the ecological determinants that drive mosquito-borne viruses dynamics in Brazil.

Funding:
FAPERJ - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa no Rio de Janeiro
CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento Tecnológico

Entomological surveillance and innovative vector control strategies.

Traditional surveillance and vector control approaches have limited efficacy to prevent arbovirus outbreaks. We explore the Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) as a rapid, non-destructive and low-cost method to determine the infection status in mosquito vectors with a main goal to improve the surveillance of mosquito-borne viruses. Furthermore, we evaluate the effectiveness of releasing mosquitoes carrying self-spreading, virus-blocking strains of the endosymbiont Wolbachia bacteria on mitigating dengue, Zika and chikungunya transmission in endemic settings. Studies based on NIRS and Wolbachia are undertaken on both laboratory, semi-field and field conditions.

Funding:
FAPERJ - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa no Rio de Janeiro
DFG - Deutsch Forschungsgemeinschaft

6 small pictures depicting collecting data in the forest
Examples of trapping and collection methods of mosquitoes
Screeshot of a map
Dashboard with entomological, epidemiological and meteorological field data to support decision making

Department of Arbovirology

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  • Logo_Alexander_von_Humboldt_Stiftung
  • Logo of FACEPE
  • Logo of FAPERJ
  • Logo of Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz