During more than a century of collaboration, BNITM and Fiocruz staff pursued numerous research projects: on malaria, Chagas, Zika and other arthropod-borne diseases. In the 1970s, BNITM set up the electron microscopy department at Fiocruz, trained the staff and carried out joint research projects.
The most recent cooperation agreement dates back to 2011 and has been renewed several times, most recently in 2021. Currently, the cooperation focuses on research into mosquito-borne diseases and their control. The intensified cooperation now being discussed is intended to cover more research areas of the BNITM in the future and enable an even more intensive exchange of scientists between the two institutes. This could include, for example, the establishment of a shared laboratory.