The KCCR has a laboratory area of 300 square metres. It has two biosafety level 3 laboratories for working with dangerous bacteria and viruses. In addition, there are biosafety level 2 (BSL-2) laboratories for immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, virology, molecular biology and entomology. Street lighting, hot water and parts of the laboratories are rubbed with solar power.
The immunology lab is equipped with flow cytometers, incubators, ice machines, centrifuges and ELISA readers, while the bacteriology lab has a biosafety bonnet, incubators, microscopes, and biochemical kits for identifying bacteria. It also has the VITEK 2 system, which provides accurate and reliable results for identifying microorganisms and testing sensitivity to antibiotics in less than 24 hours.
The molecular biology labs are equipped with thermocyclers for standard PCR and real-time PCR. Equipment also includes Illumina iSeq100, Qubit, Line Probe Assay, GeneXpert, agarose gel electrophoresis machine, transilluminator, refrigerated centrifuges and biosafety bonnets. The Agilent Tapestation provides an automated alternative to traditional gel electrophoresis, allowing researchers to analyse the quantity and size of DNA or RNA samples from just a few microlitres.
The centre has several freezers with temperatures of -20, -80 and -150 degrees and a cold room with 4 to 8 degrees for sample storage. The new entomology lab has capacity for parasite cultures. The new outbreak preparedness building block is equipped with BSL3 and BSL2 laboratories, molecular biology, sequencing, bioinformatics, teleconferencing, meeting rooms and offices for scientists. The installed solar system provides a continuous power supply to the BSL-3 laboratory.